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Right Of The Child

Rights of the Child

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, CROC, or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless the age of majority is attained earlier under national legislation.

India ratified UNCRC on 11 December 1992, agreeing in principles all articles except with certain reservations on issues relating to the child labour. The conversion has total 54 to articles. Some of them are the most relevant in the context of education sector.

The article states that no child suffers discrimination. This should be applicable to all children regardless of their gender, ability or disability, birth or other status. This is about equality of rights.

All authorities should act in the best interest of the child. Whenever, authorities make any decision concerning children they should give a thought to how their decisions would affect children.

Governments are obliged to take all necessary steps to protect children’s rights.

The terms “Survival and Development” are to be understood in greater context which could cover physical, mental, emotional, intellectual, social and cultural dimensions.

The child has the right to be listened to in all matters concerning him or her and that his or her views and ideas are taken seriously and are given due weight “in accordance with the age and maturity of the child”.

Children have the right to be protected from any form of violence, abuse or neglect by their parents or from people who are supposed to mind them including in the matters of discipline.

Children have the right to the quality health care, and safe drinking water, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help them stay healthy.

All children have the right to a primary education. The governments should ensure that school management establish appropriate policies, procedures and system to run school in well-ordered manner – without use of violence in any form eliminating any disciplining practices involving physical or mental violence, abuse or neglect. The school shall be managed in order to ensure the child’s human dignity.

Schools should impart education to develop each child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest. It should encourage children to respect others, human rights and their own and other cultures. It should also help them learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people. Children have a particular responsibility to respect the rights their parents, and education should aim to develop respect for the values and culture of their parents.

Children have the right to relax and play, and to join in a wide range of cultural, artistic and other recreational activities.

Governments should use all means possible to protect children from the use of harmful drugs and from being used in the drug trade.